Microbiome and metabolome features of the cardiometabolic disease spectrum
Nat Med. 2022 Feb;28(2):303-314. doi: 10.1038/s41591-022-01688-4
Previous microbiome and metabolome analyses exploring non-communicable diseases have paid scant attention to major confounders of study outcomes, such as common, pre-morbid and co-morbid conditions, or polypharmacy....
Metabolism and Metabolic Disorders and the Microbiome: The Intestinal Microbiota Associated With Obesity, Lipid Metabolism, and Metabolic Health-Pathophysiology and Therapeutic Strategies
J. Gastroenterol. 160, 2 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2020.10.057
Changes in the intestinal microbiome have been associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, in epidemiological studies and studies of the effects of fecal transfer in germ-free mice...
Imidazole propionate is increased in diabetes and associated with dietary patterns and altered microbial ecology
Nat Commun 11, 5881 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19589-w
Microbiota-host-diet interactions contribute to the development of metabolic diseases. Imidazole propionate is a novel microbially produced metabolite from histidine, which impairs glucose metabolism...
Weight Loss After Sleeve Gastrectomy: Does Type 2 Diabetes Status Impact Weight and Body Composition Trajectories?
Obes Surg. 2020 Nov 4. doi: 10.1007/s11695-020-05075-1.
Sleeve gastrectomy (SG), the most frequently performed bariatric procedure, induces marked weight-loss, but with high inter-individual variability...
Lysosomal Acid Lipase Drives Adipocyte Cholesterol Homeostasis and Modulates Lipid Storage in Obesity, Independent of Autophagy
Diabetes. 2020 Nov 2:db200578. doi: 10.2337/db20-0578
Besides cytoplasmic lipase-dependent adipocyte fat mobilization, the metabolic role of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL), highly expressed in adipocytes is unclear.
Efficacy and safety of setmelanotide, an MC4R agonist, in individuals with severe obesity due to LEPR or POMC deficiency: single-arm, open-label, multicentre, phase 3 trials
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2020 Oct 30:S2213-8587(20)30364-8.
The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R), a component of the leptin–melanocortin pathway, plays a part in bodyweight regulation. Severe early-onset obesity can be caused by biallelic variants in genes that affect the MC4R pathway...
Senescence-associated β-galactosidase in subcutaneous adipose tissue associates with altered glycaemic status and truncal fat in severe obesity
Diabetologia. 2020 Oct 30. doi: 10.1007/s00125-020-05307-0.
Altered adipose tissue secretory profile contributes to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in obesity. Preclinical studies have identified senescent cells as a cellular source of proinflammatory factors in adipose tissue of obese mice.
Novel loci for childhood body mass index and shared heritability with adult cardiometabolic traits
PLoS Genet. 2020 Oct 12;16(10):e1008718. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008718. eCollection 2020 Oct
The genetic background of childhood body mass index (BMI), and the extent to which the well-known associations of childhood BMI with adult diseases are explained by shared genetic factors, are largely unknown.