Ultrasound Med Biol 2016 Oct;42(10):2401-13
PubMed ID: 27471115
We describe a novel device called the AdipoScan that was adapted from the FibroScan to specifically assess shear wave speed (SWS) in human abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT). Measurement reproducibility was assessed on tissue-mimicking phantoms with and without repositioning, with resultant coefficients of variation of 1% and 0%, respectively, as well as in vivo (14% and 7%, respectively). The applicability of the AdipoScan was tested on 19 non-obese volunteers, and a scAT thickness >2 cm was found to be mandatory to perform a valid measurement. Abdominal scAT SWS was assessed in 73 severely obese subjects, all candidates for bariatric surgery. Subcutaneous AT SWS was positively associated with scAT fibrosis and obesity-related co-morbidities such as hypertension, glycemic status, dyslipidemia and liver dysfunction. These results suggest that the AdipoScan could be a useful non-invasive tool to evaluate scAT fibrosis and metabolic complications in obesity. Further investigation is required to evaluate the relevance of using the AdipoScan to predict patient weight trajectories and metabolic outcomes after bariatric surgery.