Urol. Oncol. 2017 Feb;35(2):39.e9-39.e17
PubMed ID: 28341496
OBJECTIVES: The complexity of partial nephrectomy (PN) is partly anticipated by morphometric tumor-based scores that do not consider patient-related issues such as adherent perinephric fat (APF). Also, the objective is to prospectively assess the predictive factors of APF during PN, its effect on complications, and to correlate it to the histological reality.
METHODS: A total of 125 consecutive patients undergoing robotic or open PN were prospectively included. The Mayo adhesive probability score (MAP score) was compared to the peroperative presence of APF defined by a score≥2. Adipose tissue was analyzed histologically for fibrosis and inflammatory infiltrate of CD68+macrophages. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate predictive factors of APF, and outcomes were compared using chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
RESULTS: APF was present in 51 patients (40.8%) and associated with slight longer operating time and increased blood loss. Warm ischemia time, margins, transfusion, and the Clavien-Dindo score were not different. In multivariate analysis, only male sex, age, waist circumference, fat density on computed tomography, and MAP score were significant predictors of APF. A radioclinical score was more predictive of APF than MAP score alone. Histologically, there was no macrophage infiltration but larger adipocytes in APF without significant differences in fibrosis.
CONCLUSIONS: APF can be accurately predicted using radioclinical data as the MAP score, combined with sex, age, and waist circumference. APF is associated with increased operative time and blood loss without postoperative complications. Histological analysis finds larger adipocytes in APF without inflammatory infiltrate, and no difference in fibrosis.